Both the range of motion and strength in your foot and likely your entire low limb will be decreased due to the surgical procedure as well as your altered gait pattern. Your physiotherapist will prescribe some stretching exercises for your toe, foot and calf, as well as some strengthening exercises for the same areas. Strengthening exercises may be as simple as picking up marbles with your toes or may include the use of Theraband or small elastics. Maintaining proper alignment is particularly important to avoid further problems with the foot and surgical toe. Since scientists are not able to grow new toes in a lab that they can offer, your main concern should be to walk without aid or difficulties. You receive numerous chances and opportunities in life but you only get two pinky toes to work with. A hallux abducto valgus deformity, commonly called a bunion , is a deformity characterized by lateral deviation of the great toe, often erroneously described as an enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the head of the big toe. High heels can also lead to back, neck and knee pain as the result of a change in the stabilizing mechanics of the foot. A bunion is a medical condition of the foot that is caused by an unnatural bony growth at the base of the big toe. The condition is degenerative over time, as the bony hump grows, the angle of the toes can be further deformed. Bunions occur when a bony bump grows at the outside of the base of the big toe. This bony growth gets bigger and pushes the big toe in toward the other toes, making it look deformed. This can be a painful condition, causing the joint to swell. There are many non-surgical options to treat and prevent bunions. Akin osteotomy - In many deformities, you need to straighten the big toe as well as the position of the first metatarsal. A small wedge of bone can be removed from the base of the big toe. This is usually done in conjunction with one of the above procedures and doesn’t lengthen the recovery period. One of the best things you can do is to go for wider, deeper shoes. Trevor Prior says there should be a centimetre between the end of your longest toe and end of shoe. You should also choose shoes with an adjustable strap or lace. The researchers found increased BMI to be strongly associated with non-specific foot pain in the general population, and with chronic plantar heel pain in a non-athletic population. Inconclusive evidence was found for the association between BMI and hallux valgus, tendonitis, osteoarthritis, and flat foot. Two studies were found that reported a reduction in foot symptoms following weight-loss surgery. A foot callus is best described as a thickening of the surface layer of the skin. This is often in response to some form of pressure being applied on the foot. Here are some causes of foot calluses and practical and effective treatment options. Your doctor may ask you to use corn pads on your toes to protect them from pressure. You may also be asked to use cushioning over areas that are likely to become blistered. If your shoes are causing corns and calluses, you need to stop wearing them and wear shoes that fit properly. Once the pressure has been alleviated for a couple of weeks, the corns and calluses should begin to fade away. This is because you have naturally low arches, which can be a precursor to an ankle injury. Any twisting or sudden movement could potentially strain them, so be careful. In other situations, the first metatarsal is cut at the near end of the bone (called a proximal osteotomy This type of procedure usually requires two or three small incisions in the foot. Once the skin is opened the surgeon performs the osteotomy. The bone is then realigned and held in place with metal pins until it heals. Again, this reduces the angle between the first and second metatarsal bones. Bunions (BUN-yunz) are foot deformities caused by displacement of certain bones. A bunion is visible as a bump on the side of the foot at the joint at the base of the big toe. Doctors who practices podiatry can do it himself or may be also a team member of a medical group. There are podiatrists who work together with a band of doctors in different related medical specialty. For example, they will work in together with a doctor specializing in orthopedics or among multi-specialty group in dealing with podiatry requirements for patients with polygenic disorder. A podiatric practitioner may also evaluate the injuries of the foot or ankle. Some diagnostic center can help in the diagnosing and extent of injury so that a treatment plan set up is put into place. Treatment might include casting or splinting depending on the case at hand.